Depersonalisation and Derealisation Disorder

Depersonalization/derealization is a type of dissociation that consists of persistent or recurrent feelings of being detached (dissociated) from one’s body or mental processes, usually with a feeling of being an outside observer of one’s life (depersonalization), or of being detached from one’s surroundings (derealization). Read More . . . 


Most people go through periods of feeling down, but when you’re depressed you feel persistently sad for weeks or months, rather than just a few days. Read More . . .

Hardwiring Happiness (Positive Psychology)

Positive psychology focuses on the positive events and influences in life, including: happiness, joy, inspiration, love, gratitude, resilience, compassion (including self-compassion), optimism, life satisfaction, wellbeing, gratitude and hope to name a few. In short what makes life worth living. Read More . . . 

Health Anxiety (hypochondria)

Persistent worries about having an illness or physical problem, despite being found healthy in medical tests. “I have an illness that has not been diagnosed”; “Physical changes or pain are always signs of serious illness”; “When doctors or tests say I’m healthy, they missed something”; “It is important to check or scan often for signs of illness or physical changes.”

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Although there are infinite forms of OCD, it has been traditionally considered that a person’s OCD will fall into one of these five main categories, with themes often overlapping between categories too: Checking; Contamination / Mental Contamination; Symmetry and ordering; Ruminations / Intrusive Thoughts; Hoarding

Panic Disorder

Intense feelings of anxiety in which people often feel as if they are about to die or go crazy: “I’m dying now” (e.g., heart attack, stroke); “I’m losing my mind”; images of paramedics, losing consciousness, etc.

Paranoid and Suspicious Thoughts

Paranoia is thinking and feeling like you are being threatened in some way, even if there is no evidence, or very little evidence, that you are.  Paranoid thoughts could also be exaggerated suspicions. For example, someone made a nasty comment about you once, and you believe that they are directing a hate campaign against you.


Perfectionism is the setting of, and striving to meet, very demanding standards that are self-imposed and relentlessly pursued despite this causing problems. It involves basing your self-worth almost exclusively on how well these high standards are pursued and achieved.

(Low) Self-Esteem and Loving Yourself Unconditionally

Low self-esteem is when someone lacks confidence about who they are and what they can do. They often feel incompetent, unloved, or inadequate.

Sex Addiction

“Sex addiction” is described as a compulsive need to perform sexual acts in order to achieve the kind of “fix” that a person with alcohol use disorder gets from a drink or someone with opiate use disorder gets from using opiates.

Shame and Guilt

Guilt is a feeling you get when you did something wrong, or perceived you did something wrong. Shame is a feeling that your whole self is wrong, and it may not be related to a specific behavior or event.


Fear of specific things or situations, such as snakes, heights, animals, insects, flying in airplanes, elevators, etc. May include common thoughts and images about specific feared situations.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Trauma

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), trauma is “an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster.” However, a person may experience trauma as a response to any event they find physically or emotionally threatening or harmful.

Social Anxiety (Social Phobia)

The fear of appearing foolish and/or being criticized or rejected in social situations: “People will judge me”; I’ll look foolish”; images of blushing, others making fun of me, etc. Read More . . . 

Uncertainty (Intolerance of)

Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has been defined as “a dispositional characteristic that results from a set of negative beliefs about uncertainty and its implications and involves the tendency to react negatively on an emotional, cognitive, and Behavioral level to uncertain situations and events” (Buhr & Dugas, 2009)